Which are the basic biochemical analyses and what these can detect?
- Sedimentation– mostly used in detecting and follow up of inflammatory processes. It may also be higher in cases of rheumatic disorders, anaemia, malign processes, etc.
- Fibrinogen - can be used to detect rheumatic or inflammatory processes.
- Glucose (sugar) - used for detection and follow up of diabetes. Persons who already have some relatives suffering from diabetes belong to a risk group and they should make these glucose tests more often.
- Creatinin , urea and urine acid - used for detection and follow up of kidney disorders.
- Lipid status includes: cholesterol, good cholesterol (HDL), bad cholesterol (LDL) and triglycerides - used for early detection of arthrosclerosis development with all consequences to cardiovascular system. Arthrosclerosis is a joint name for disorders where arterial walls fatten and lose elastic characteristics as the result of losing liquid. Based on the results, patient is advised to change habits (smoking, nutrition, physical activity) or the use of certain appropriate medicines.
- Bilirubin (total and direct ) and transaminases ( AST and ALT ) - sused for detecting disorders of lever and gall bladder and bile ducts.
- Ferro, TIBC and UIBC - parameters used for diagnostics of anaemia and in follow up the effects of appropriate therapy.