Radiology is medical branch dealing with diagnostics and therapy procedures...
Diagnostics procedures are performed by diagnostic devices and apparatuses which function on the principle of electromagnetic waves (X-ray, mammography, orthopan), and ultrasound waves – all ultrasound devices.
Classic X-ray examinations of:
Pelvis and other bones
Such diagnostic procedure is irreplaceable in routine diagnostics because of a number of valuable information received in this way.
Radiation in such diagnostic procedure is minimal and practically insignificant.
Native footage of abdomen INDICATION refers suspicion to:
Intestine obstruction (ileus)
Perforation in one of the hollow organ (stomach, intestine)
Renal (kidney) or bile calculus
Presence of unknown body or object: after some injury, accidentally or willingly swallowed objects
This form of examination does not require special preparation procedure.
X-ray native examination of urologic tract is initial method in cases of acute diseases of kidneys, urethral and bladder.
Previous preparation of the patients is necessary in this procedure due to the fact that feces mass and gases in bows may misguide interpretation and bring to mistakes.
Patients’ preparation procedure includes: for 12 hours before the examination, patient must not eat and must not use any laxative products.
In urgent cases, X-ray is conducted without previous preparation procedure. X-ray examination is performed while the patient is in lying position and AP position
Native urethral tract X-ray examination defines and determines: size, shape and position of kidneys, as well as possible existence of mixed or non-organic calculus (stones) in urethral or urine bladder.
Organic calculus of the same locality are diagnosed by ultrasound examination or intravenous urotopography due to the fact such calculus cannot be seen by X-ray examination.
Intravenous urotopgraphy is a method used for kidney and urinary tract.
Preparation for the patients before such examination includes the use of laxatives and decreased consuming of liquid a few hours before the examination.
Oversensitivity to contrast substance needed for this examination performance represents an absolute contraindication for this technique of examination.
Mammography is method or X-ray examination of breasts.
It is important to know that this very method does not exclude ultrasound examination and oncologist’s examination.
Echotomography (ultrasound of breasts) and mammography represent complementary examination methods.
Mammography is always performed in two projections: craniocaudal and mediolateral, while both breasts are graphed.
Mammography is performed in patients younger than 40 only in case oncologist and radiologist, eventually gynecologist, recommended it officially
In persons older than 40, mammography is available at personal request and may be performed once in two years.
Basic goal of mammography as a diagnostic method is early detection of possibly malign changes, differentiation it from other pathology changes in breast tissue. This method is noninvasive one.
Primary indications for mammography
In case a woman has no palpative changes in breasts (early detection of malignity)
Evaluation of symptomatic disease (detecting of clinical occult multifocal changes in the same or the other breast)
Initial mammography – comparison with the next, control examinations, increases the accuracy of early detecting of malignity
IT IS IMPORTANT TO KNOW ...
NON OF THE X-RAY EXAMINATIONS IS ALLOWED FOR PREGNANT WOMEN OR WOMEN IN BIRTH MATERNITY PERIOD WHILE BRAEST FEEDING.
CHILDREN MUST HAVE OFFICIAL INSTRUCTION BY PEDIATRICS OR BY ORTHOPEDIST
In December 2009 , Health Centre Dr Ristić performed digitalization of its X-ray apparatus. Digitalization of the existing X-ray device enabled transferring from classic to more quality, digital record film. Now it is necessary 40% less radiation or the same form of examination, meaning proportional and significant decrease of radiation dosage for patients.
Possibility of digital process of the film (change of light, contrast, enlargement, marking, automatic collection and joining the data on the patient with the film record,…), enables the doctors to set a diagnose faster and more efficient. R-ray films are issued to the patients on classic CD and such examination films can be seen on every computer.
If for some reason it is necessary to have classic X-ray film record, it is possible to get it. This film record is issued only at patient’s demand and it is additionally charged by the price you can find in the official price list of the Health Centre.